Java Methods

A method in Java is a block of code that performs a specific task. Methods are used to encapsulate a sequence of statements that are related to a specific behavior. They make your code more organized, readable, and reusable.

To declare a method in Java, you use the following syntax:

returnType methodName(parameterList) {
  // statements

where returnType is the data type of the value that the method will return, methodName is the name you want to give to the method, and parameterList is a list of parameters that the method will accept. The parameterList is optional, and if the method does not require any input, it can be omitted.

For example, to declare a method that takes two integers and returns their sum, you would write:

int add(int a, int b) {
  return a + b;

To call a method in Java, you use the method name followed by a pair of parentheses that contain the values of the parameters, if any, like this:

int result = add(3, 5);

Methods can also be declared inside classes. In this case, the method can access the data members (variables) and other methods of the class. This allows you to define the behavior of an object and organize your code in a more structured way.

In addition to the methods that you write yourself, Java also provides many built-in methods that you can use to perform common operations. For example, the length method can be used to determine the length of an array, and the substring method can be used to extract a portion of a string.

In conclusion, methods in Java are an essential part of writing clean, organized, and reusable code. By encapsulating specific behaviors into methods, you can make your code easier to understand, maintain, and reuse. Whether you’re writing a simple program or a complex system, mastering the use of methods is an important step in becoming a skilled Java programmer.

Shubhajna Rai
Shubhajna Rai

A Civil Engineering Graduate interested to share valuable information with the aspirants.

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