C++ OOP Basics

What is OOP?

Object-oriented programming is known as OOP. In its programming, an object-oriented programming language makes use of objects. The goal of object-oriented programming is to replicate in a computer real-world principles like inheritance, polymorphism, abstraction, etc.

The primary goal of the C++ language’s design was to enable object-oriented programming in the C programming language. The readability, maintainability, and bug-freeness of the programme deteriorate as the program’s size rises. The primary goal of OOP is to bind together the data and the functions that use them such that only that function and no other section of the code may access the data.

The main issue with languages like C that relied on functions or procedures was this (hence the name procedural programming language). As a result, there was a strong likelihood that the issue would not be adequately addressed. Additionally, data almost went unnoticed, and data security was easily undermined. This issue is resolved by using classes, which model the programme as a real-world scenario.

Difference between Procedure Oriented Programming and Object-Oriented Programming

Procedure Oriented Programming

  • Involves creating a set of guidelines for the computer to follow.
  • The flow of data is less of a priority than functions.
  • Data might be local or global for functions.
  • Data is freely transferred between functions.

Object – Oriented Programming

  • Develops the idea of classes and objects
  • A class serves as an object creation template.
  • considers data to be a crucial component
  • generates data and functions around the problem’s objects after decomposing it into those objects

Basically, object-oriented programming entails constructing objects that contain both data and functions, whereas procedural programming entails writing procedures or functions that change data.

Shubhajna Rai
Shubhajna Rai

A Civil Engineering Graduate interested to share valuable information with the aspirants.

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