C++ Maps

In C++, maps are a type of associative container that store elements in the form of key-value pairs. The keys are unique and are used to access the values, which can be duplicated. Maps are implemented as self-balancing binary search trees and provide an efficient way to store, retrieve, and modify elements.

The map class is defined in the <map> header and is implemented as a red-black tree. This means that the elements are stored in a way that maintains balance and guarantees an average time complexity of O(log n) for search, insertion, and deletion operations.

When using a map, the keys must meet specific requirements such as being ordered, comparable, and assignable. By default, maps are ordered based on the keys in ascending order. The keys and values can be of any data type, including user-defined types, as long as the necessary comparison and assignment operators are defined.

map provides several member functions for accessing and modifying the elements, including insert(), erase(), clear(), count(), and find(). It also supports iterators, which allow for efficient traversal of the elements.

In conclusion, maps are an essential part of the C++ Standard Library and provide a convenient and efficient way to store elements in the form of key-value pairs. They are widely used in various applications and can be used in combination with other STL containers to achieve complex data structures.

Shubhajna Rai
Shubhajna Rai

A Civil Engineering Graduate interested to share valuable information with the aspirants.

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